Ovarian cysts are common, and you can have a cyst come and go without even being aware. However, about 8% of women develop ovarian cysts that are large and cause symptoms. Women’s health expert, Robert Berg, MD, at Arcadia Ob/Gyn, with New York City offices in Midtown Manhattan, New York, provides expert care for all gynecological conditions, including ovarian cysts. To schedule an appointment, call the office or book online today.
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops in or on your ovaries. There are several types of ovarian cysts, but the most common are functional cysts:
During your menstrual cycle, your ovaries release an egg encased in a follicle that breaks open once your egg has matured. However, in some cases, the egg doesn’t break free from the follicle, resulting in what’s referred to as a follicle cyst. These cysts are common and usually resolve on their own within a few menstrual cycles.
After your egg has broken free of the follicle, the cells left behind shrink into a mass called corpus luteum. If the corpus luteum doesn’t shrink and collapse, a cyst develops. Corpus luteum cysts can resolve on their own in time but can grow large in size or cause your ovaries to twist.
Other ovarian cysts include endometriomas, dermoids, and cystadenomas.
No, ovarian cysts don’t always cause symptoms, and you may not be aware you have one until Dr. Berg discovers it during your routine gynecology exam at Arcadia Ob/Gyn. However, some ovarian cysts can cause symptoms, such as:
Cysts can also rupture unexpectedly and cause severe abdominal pain. If you suspect your cyst has ruptured, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room for care.
Dr. Berg conducts comprehensive examinations when you come in for care, and Arcadia Ob/Gyn has diagnostic tools that allow him to provide answers to your concerns immediately. If he finds an ovarian cyst during your pelvic exam or suspects an ovarian cyst based on your symptoms, he may recommend an ultrasound to confirm a diagnosis.
Treatment for your ovarian cyst depends on your symptoms, as well as the size and type of cyst you have. Because most cysts resolve over time, Dr. Berg may suggest simply monitoring your cyst with periodic ultrasounds.
However, if your ovarian cyst doesn’t go away or is causing significant pain and growing in size, Dr. Berg may suggest surgical removal of the cyst, which he performs laparoscopically, a minimally invasive surgical procedure, to allow for a faster recovery.
Ovarian cysts are common and not problematic for most women. However, if you’re experiencing unexplained pelvic pain, contact Arcadia Ob/Gyn for a consultation.